LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) is a mixture of hydrocarbons, mainly composed of propane and butane.
LPG is an extremely versatile source of energy: it can be used to heat and cool rooms, cook food, supply industrial equipment, etc.
Its high calorific value makes it possible to have large amounts of energy available with limited quantities of product.
It has a low environmental impact and thanks to the possibility of compressing it in a liquid state, it can be stored in small spaces and easily transported anywhere, even where the methane network does not reach.
LPG is marketed under the names of commercial propane (mixture C, according to UN shipping standards), commercial mixture (mixtures A1, B1, B2, B) and commercial butane (mixtures A, A01, A02, A0).
Commercial propane can be accompanied by propylene, butylene, butane and ethylene, with a propane content greater than 90%.
The commercial mixture is an overall mixture of hydrocarbons obtained by the combination of about 70% of n-butane and isobutane and an average amount of propane equal to 30%.
Yes. The payment of a reduced excise duty is foreseen for LPG used for heating on islands not supplied by methane, in mountain areas and in areas not reached by methane. To be entitled to the relief, the tank must be installed in an area identified by the municipal administration with a specific resolution.
Yes. There is a tax relief for the industrial use of LPG. In order to be entitled to it, the plant must meet certain technical requirements, or the activity must be classified among those “outside the scope of excise duties”.
Yes. LPG has a lower price per calorie than most fossil fuels.
The price of LPG for automotive use is not comparable to that for residential use, as it is subject to a different excise duty regime and has a simplified distribution and logistics system (volumes transported, size of storage warehouses, location of plants).
LPG is 80% extracted from deposits and only 20% is obtained from oil refining.
Yes. LPG, together with natural gas, is the cleanest fossil fuel, with low CO2 emissions, unburnt hydrocarbons, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxides. In particular, during the combustion of LPG, no particulates and fine particles (PM10 and PM2.5) are produced, which are instead typical from the combustion of biomass, diesel and fuel oil.