LPG

LPG: the most sustainable fossil fuel

LPG (Liquefied Petroleum Gas) is a mixture of hydrocarbons mainly consisting of propane and butane, and is obtained from the extraction of natural gas and oil refining.

The characteristics of LPG:

  • Most sustainable fossil fuel: LPG is a by-product of natural gas extraction and oil refining. In addition, the current LPG logistics infrastructures are widespread and do not require further investments. For these reasons, LPG is considered the European fuel within reach.
  • High calorific value: LPG has the highest calorific value when compared with other traditional energy sources. Being a gaseous fuel, the appliances that use it (boilers, heat pumps, etc.) have the highest efficiencies available. In fact, with the same energy requirement, a lower quantity of LPG is needed compared to other types of fuels.
  • Low environmental impact: LPG is a valid alternative to traditional fuels which will be progressively banned due to the high emissions of polluting substances. It is not a GHG (Greenhouse Gas).
  • Safety: There are stringent technical regulations at European and international level, and sector operators’ respect of these regulations is carefully supervised by the competent Authorities. In addition, LPG is given odour so its presence can be sensed in the event of leaks.
  • Easy transport: At room temperature, if subjected to moderate pressure, LPG goes into a liquid state, facilitating its storage and transportation.

 

Calorific value: comparison of energy sources

FUELLVC[kcal] *Lower Calorific ValueYIELD [%]USEFUL ENERGY [kcal]
LPG11.000[/kg]909.900 [/kg]
DIESEL8.796 [/lt]909.916 [/lt]
BTZ9.560[/kg]757.170 [/kg]
WOOD3.500[/kg]652.275 [/kg]
METHANE8.843[/m3]958.400 [/m3]
PELLET4.500[/kg]753.375 [/kg]
ELECTRICITY860 [/kWh]100860 [/kWh]

 

Energy requirement based on fuels

FUEL1 kg LPG
BTZ1.15
ELECTRICITY13
DIESEL1.25
WOOD3/td>
METHANE1.25
PELLET2
COAL2